“Do you believe ODUDUWA is the ancestral father of the Yoruba people? Many Yoruba scholars claim oduduwa fell from the sky to Yoruba land. Where actually did he land? , Any sign? Others say he came from the east (Benin Kingdom), ok, did he meet people in the so called Yoruba land? If yes, then how can oduduwa now be their ancestral father?”. The truth was that Oduduwa is Ekaladerhan Izoduwa from Benin Kingdom not any spirit or super human who fell direct from the sky. This takes us to the anthropological trace of the Yoruba Scientific history in Nigeria.”
(a) FIRST LINKAGE WITH BENIN AND THE ORIGIN OF YORUBA PEOPLE IN NIGERIA
EKALADERHAN IZODUWA/IMADODUWA OR ODUDUWA
Edo prince went far south west, to a town or village with his followers from Benin. Edo prince name was Ekaladerhan Izoduwa or Imadoduwa. He created Kingship monarchy in the town and also calls it “ILefe.” he reign over this land until further migrant people and workers can from Dahomey. Imadoduwa was a magician. He was with the mind of making his kingdom great and wealthy. He embarks on developing more areas in his kingdom and expanding his territory. Ekaladerhan Izoduwa was what was later corrupt by Yoruba as Oduduwa. Some scholars say “Yoruba” migrants from Dahomey to the Kingdom of Oyo and Ilefe were the Ewe tribe of Togo while others say they were from Fon. thought part of dahomey were also part and parcel of Mali, Berbers. They weren’t called Yoruba in Ekaladerhan kingdom then. The migrant population was huge. Scholars argue Yoruba are Malians. Mali most likely comes from Mali*inke (Mandinga) which was also spelled Malli in most ancient maps. Some say Yoruba originate from the tribe of ancient Ewe that settled in West Africa in Dahomey, Ghana and finally Old Oyo. The Migrants arriving Ilefe mix up and inter married with the people. There is probability that they spoke corrupt Benin mix migrants and settlers language that could have given birth to some yoruba dialets spoken today
After many years when the Imazoduwa died, another succession probably one of his sons continues the reign of the kingdom of Ilefe. By this time the kingdom have already expand to some other parts know as Yoruba land of today. Yoruba were not Benin and Benin not Yoruba but mix in Ilefe that later expand territory to other parts of today Yoruba land. Ilefe is a Benin name and town by a Benin Prince to the south west of Nigeria. The Yoruba call it the same as “Ile Ife”. Only the turnation varies. Both the Benin and Yoruba agree Ilefe or Ile Ife was ruled and organized by a Benin prince. The Monarchy system was created by a Benin prince Izoduwa, Imadoduwa or Oduduwa. The reason some or many Yoruba today fill Benin not the aborigine and source of their monarchy institution are political, Ego and the corrupt British education and administration. Let not also forget that slave trade had a terrible impart on the old kingdom of Ekaladerhan in Yoruba land. Oyo was seriously divasted and reduces during the slave trade. The headquarter or Yoruba kingdom was in “Ilefe” or Ile Ife. The settlement by migrants from Togo that settled in Oyo was wipe off by 18 century by slave trade.
As recorded in modern history, the Alaafin’s dynasty in Oyo began around 1200 CE. Oronmiyan was in Igodomigodo in 1170 CE. Ekaladerhan Izoduwa (Oduduwa) was alive during his son’s sojourn in Igodomigodo and also when the Oyo dynasty came into being. Yoruba historians confirm that 37 Oonis reigned in Ife before Akinmoyero in (1770-1800), and that 13 more have reigned since. This enables us to prove the 1200 CE date mathematically. If from 1800 CE to 2004 CE (i.e. a period of 204 years), produced 13 Oonis on the average, how many Oonis could have reigned from 1200 CE to 1800 CE (i.e. a period of 600 years)? The answer is 38 Oonis.
The word “YORUBA”.
The word Yoruba has its roots in Yariba which the Fulani used to call the Oyo people. This was a later word use to identify the people of Oyo by the Hausa-fulani’s during the slave trade in the 16 century. The word ‘Yariba’ was first recorded in reference to the Oyo people only, in a treatise written by the 16th-century Songhai scholar Ahmed Baba. It was popularized by Hausa usage and ethnography written in Arabic and Ajami during the 19th century, in origin referring to the Oyo exclusively. The extension of the term Yoruba to all speakers of dialects related to the language of the Oyo (in modern terminology North-West Yoruba) dates to the second half of the 19th century. It is due to the influence of Samuel Ajayi Crowther, the first Anglican bishop in Nigeria. Crowther was himself a Yoruba and compiled the first Yoruba dictionary as well as introducing a standard for Yoruba orthography. It’s like classifying all of Northern Nigeria as Hausa. The presence of Yoruba influence in most places today claimed as Yorubaland can be traced back to the propaganda nature of Crowther in the 19th century.
(b) SECOND MIGRATION OF YORUBA PEOPLE SOUTHWARD FROM OYO AND IFE:
The Yoruba second migration happened in the 16 to 18 century during the slave raiding for British slave merchants. There may have been some few migrants during the economic boom during Benin kingdom trading with the Portuguese. Oyo recorded the highest slave raiding in the history of Nigeria and most of them were shipped to South America. AT THE TIME OF EUROPEAN ECONOMIC BOOM IN BENIN KINGDOM, MANY MIGRANT FROM THE HITTERLAND WERE COMING TO SEEK FOR NEW OPPORTUNITIES AND JOBS NEAR THE COAST. THAT WHEN THE ONLY KNOW YARIBA PEOPLE BEGAN TO MIGRATE TO WORK IN BENIN KINGDOM AND IN THE COAST IN THE 18 CENTURY TO THE 19 CENTURY. THE BRITISH WHO HATED THE MONOPOLY AND SOVEREIGNTY OF BENIN, PLAN TO BRING HER DOWN USING HER SURROUNDING LIKE THE YORUBA FROM THE INSIDE NORTH WEST.”OYO” TO FINISH THEIR PLAN AND CONSPIRACY IN THE REGION. HERE IS WHEN THAT YORUBA PRESENCE OF TODAY BEGAN THEIR TRAGECTORY AND OCCUPATION OF MANY LANDS AND TERRITORIES EARLY OWNED BY BENIN WITH THE CONSOLIDATION OF BRITAIN DURING THE COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION.
Those with Oduduwa ancestries are related to Benin not Yoruba from Dahomey or Songai. Others from Togo to Oyo and later to Ife are what could be call real Yoruba. Oduduwa children can claim Benin ancestry. Yoruba people are mix and need be separated to understand her Benin influence
This article was sent in by Uwagboe Ogieva and was first published in ihuanedo 25/10/2014